History commonly refers to the events which happened earlier in time and are responsible for our present. These are the sequence of events that occured long time ago.

Swarajaya Party

In the vacuum created by the premature termination of the Non- Cooperation and the imprisonment of Gandhi, Congress was in a fix about its stand on civil disobedience and. what it should include. To this end a Civil Disobedience Committee was formed towards the end of 1922 which comprised of several eminent leaders. However, conflict(…)

Left Movement

The emergence and growth of the leftist movement was the result of a combination of factors- development of Indian industries, the economic crunch caused by the two World Wars and the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. The emergence of Indian Communism out of the shortcoming of the mainstream national movement is quite undeniable.(…)

Chauri Chaura Incident – Suspension of The Movement

In view of the recalcitrant attitude of the authorities the Congress was left with no alternative but to launch the movement. But before Gandhi could actually make some headway, a misfortune, struck the movement at the outset. This was the tragedy at Chauri Chaura, near Gorakhpur in U. P., on 5 February. While a Congress(…)

Non-Cooperation Movement

The Khilafat-Non-Cooperation alliance was not an overnight affair. It was the result of prolonged discussions and calculations by all. Gandhi was not yet a big part of the Congress but it had become evident by 1920 that he had support of a larger section of the populace than Congress. He had the support of the(…)

Khilafat Movement

The second decade of the twentieth century was a period of turmoil both in India and around the world. The outbreak of the First World War led to reverberations that were felt not only by the countries of the two opposing camps but also their dependencies. In India this period witnessed heightened political activity, post-wartime(…)

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Punjab in the second decade of the twentieth century was undergoing intensive polticalisation especially due to the efforts of the Ghadr party. It was also struggling under the wartime repression, forcible recruitment, post-Ghadr outbreaks of 1915, rise in food prices, and spread of anti-British sentiment by Arya Samajist barristers with business connections like Gokul Chand(…)

Rowlatt Satyagraha

During Rowlatt Satyagraha Gandhi sought to involve the masses in the struggle to undo an unjust action taken by the Government. To this end Gandhi utilized three types of political networks- Satyagraha Sabha (started by Gandhi himself at Bombay on February 24, 1919), the Home Rule Leagues and certain Pan-Islamists groups, especially leaders like Abdul(…)

Rowlatt Bills

In light of the growing acts of terror and national activity during the years of the First World War, Lord Chelmsford appointed the Sedition Committee or the Rowlatt Committee to look into the nature and extent of the activities of the revolutionaries in India and suggest possible measures and legislation to curb them. Two such(…)

Three Events that launched Gandhi – Champaran, Kheda and Ahmedabad

1. Champaran, Bihar- It was a pern anent settlement area with large areas under rich zamindars. However, in the course of the nineteenth century the peasants were forced to grow indigo by the European planters under the tinkathia system (a system wherein the peasants were forced to grow indigo on three twentieth part of their(…)

Beginning of the Gandhian Era

The Gandhian Era in Indian politics is by far the most dynamic phase in the history of the freedom movement of the British Indian territories. Gandhi, before coming to India in 1915, had already become a figure to be reckoned with due to his participation in South Africa in the three campaigns of passive resistance(…)