History commonly refers to the events which happened earlier in time and are responsible for our present. These are the sequence of events that occured long time ago.

Quit India Movement

The failure of the Cripps Mission plunged the country into despondency and anger. The fuel that fed this fire was supplied not only by the hypocrisy of the British government, but also by a host of other factors. The War situation was worsening day by day. After the fall of Singapore on 15 February, Rangoon(…)


Two developments in the later half of 1941 changed the Indian situation. After overrunning a big part of Europe, Hitler invaded Russia on 22 June 1941. in the East, Japan attacked the American Naval fleet at Pearl Harbour and quickly swept the British from Malaya, Singapore, Indonesia and Burma, posing a serious threat to the(…)

Rise of Radical Elements Within The Congress

It was during the post 1934 phase, after Gandhi’s retirement from active politics, the socialist ideas influenced a group of Congress leaders, leading to the foundation of the Congress Socialist Party in 1934, having its own political agenda and constitution. Subhash Bose was also a popular representative of the radical politics within the Congress. The(…)

Rise and Growth of Extreme Communalism

From 1930 onwards, a section of Muslim intelligentsia began nourishing the idea of a separate independent Muslim state in India. The ideological and political background had, of course, been prepared by the Aligarh movement, the foundation of Muslim League and the Minto-Morley reforms introducing separate electorate. In 1930, Mohammad Iqbal, the well-known poet and philosopher,(…)

Provincial Elections and Formation of Popular Ministries in Provinces (1937)

Before he passages of the Government of India Act, 1935, the Civil Disobedience movement had petered out and many Congressmen began to think of reviving the defunct Swaraj Party preparatory to contesting the elections. In course of time, the urge among the Congressmen to contest the elections grew. Eventually, Jawaharlal Nehru, as Congress President (1936),(…)

Critical Appraisal of the Act of 1935

The most important part of the Government of India Act of 1935 relating to the setting of an all India Federation remained like a “lost ideal or a paper Federation”, since it failed to come into force. The proposed Federal scheme was billed by the Indians Princes. Another serious drawback of the Act 1935 should(…)

Government of INDIA ACT, 1935

The Government of India Act 1935 opened a. new era in Indian constitutional progress. The process of preparing this Act took eight years, beginning in November 1927 with the appointment of Simon Commission, continuing through the Round Table Conferences and a Joint Select Committee and concluding with a hard fought passage through Parliament against the,(…)

Third Round Table Conference

While the national leaders were busy in sorting out the communal problem, the third Round Table Conference was called in London in November 1932. But it was not like, the two earlier conferences. The Secretary of State had already announced change in the procedure in June 1932. The Conference was not of equals for the(…)