Green revolution refer to phenomenon of rapid surge in the production of food grains mid-sixties. It was achieved due to adoption on the new agriculture strategy that is dependant on High Yielding variety (HYV) seeds. The rise inside productivity and production ended up being to spectacular that William Gadd of USA with it, for very first time in 1968, as green revolution.
The Noble lottery winner Dr. Norman Borlaug developed new High Yielding a number of wheat in Mexico during early 1960s. This technology was successfully tried in most countries. This new agriculture strategy was practice the very first time in India in the Khariff season of 1966. Rrt had been mentioned as High yielding Programme. This Programme was implemented in India under the guidance of Dr. M.S. Swaminathan , the noted agriculture scientist of India. This programme has been around since are package programme, mainly because it depends crucially on regular and adequate way to obtain irrigation, fertilizers,high yielding seeds,pesticides and insecticides.
Call For Evergreen Revolution
This pioneer of India green revolution Mr. M.S. Swaminathn , presently chairman of National Commission on Farmers gave a new demand ‘Evergreen Revolution’ for doubling the existing production amount of food grains from 210 million tonnes to 420 million tonnes. For producing ‘Evergreen revolution ‘ a success, he stressed on adopting best scientific technique and promoting organic farming.
Second Green Revolution
The urgent requirement for talking agriculture to a higher trajectory of 4,percent annual growth may be met only with improvement in the scale along with variety of agriculture reforms undertaken because of the various states and agencies at the various level. These reforms must aim at efficient using resources and conservation of soil, water and ecology using a sustainable basis plus holistic framework. A really holistic framework must incorporate financing of rural infrastructure such as water, roads and power.
De-Centralised Procurement Scheme(DCP)
Several states have chosen implementation with the (DCP) introduced in 1997, to which food grains are procured and distributive because of the state governments themselves. Under this scheme, the designated States procure, store and issue food grains beneath the TPDS and welfare schemes from the government of India . The real difference relating to the economic cost to the state as well as the CIP is forwarded to nys government as subsidy. The decentralized system of procurement contains the objectives of covering more farmers under MSP operations. Improving efficiency with the PDS, providing food grains varieties more suitable for local tastes and reducing transportation costs.
SEED BANK SCHEME
It turned out introduced in 1999-2000 with all the basic objective to make available seeds for meeting any contingent requirement as well as develop infrastructure for production and distribution of seeds.
Consolidation gives a bigger-sized compact subject of cultivation for the individual farmer along with the cooperative farming provides bigger area for the purpose. Beneath the method, several farmers, while retaining their ownership of land and managing it individually adopted the principle of cooperation for non-farm operations like marketing their produce, processing agriculture outputs, obtaining inputs of agriculture like seeds, fertilizers and tools, etc.
Rather Co-operative Farming: The Co-operative Planning committee classified co-operative into four types:
(i) Co-operative Tenant Farming: Means a system where a society, composed of quantity of farmers, owns land which can be separated into smaller holding then leased to individual person in the society.
(ii) Co-operative Collective Farming: Implies what kind during which member surrender their land irrevocably. Land livestock and other equipment’s are joint, tasks are common plus the management is mostly via an elected council.
(iii) Co-operative Better Farming: Implies it through which a few of the many farmers inside a village join together for intent behind improved technique of farming.
(iv) Co-operative Joint Farming: Implies pooling of land within the par small cultivators whose separate holdings usually are not big enough to allow cultivation. The plots are pooled into one unit as well as the cultivation is joint, though every farmer retains ownership of his land.
Seeds Sector Reform
The National Seeds Policy, 2002 affords the framework for expansion of seed sector. It seeks to offer the farmer using the massive amount superior quality seed varieties and planting material.
As part of India’s obligation under TRIPs agreement of WTO, the security of plant varieties and Farmer’s Right Act, 2003 was enacted to defend the intellectual property rights of plant breeders and to stimulate investment in R&D for the development of new plant varieties.
Plan Panel to Promote ‘Secondary Agriculture’
The look Commission is working away at an ambitious plan to improve Secondary Agriculture consisting of value addition to create products inside coming 12th Five Year Plan. Secondary Agriculture encompasses activities for example extracting medicine from herbs, vitamins from food grains, fiber board from rice straw, oil from rice bran etc. This treatment solution panel is headed by Planning Commission’s member K.Kasturirangan who extends anticipation to produce draft report on Secondary Agriculture in next four-five months. Plan panel points the call to tap the wide ranging inside secondary agriculture that includes a projected worth over Rs.1,00,000 crore. Promoting the secondary agriculture is anticipated to push the country’s overall farm increase in coming years.